List of Significant Earthquakes in Italy
Lista dei terremoti pių importanti in
11 05 1659
Over 2,000 killed. Damage severe.
01 11 1693
11 03 1706
This violent earthquake killed 15,000 inhabitants.
02 04 1783
50,000 morti. Uno dei
terremoti pių catastrofici nel mondo. Una serie di sei terribili forti
terremoti, nello spazio di sei mesi, causarono enormi danni. Le
consequenze furono vissute in aree localizzate: mentre alcune
torri piombarono a terra distruggendosi altre vicine ebbero solo danni
minori. Un immenso numero di persone persero la vita con gravissimi
danni alle cose. I terremoti furono oggetto di studio da parte di
diversi gruppi di studiosi, tra cui uno studio della prima Commisione
Terremoto apposta nominata. Inizio cosė l'interesse scientifico
verso la realizzazione di apparecchiature che registrassero i
terremoti nell'Italia del XVIII Secolo. Questo fu il primo terremoto che
fu studiato scientificamente.
50,000 deaths. One of the world's most destructive
earthquakes. A series of six strong earthquakes, occurring over a
two-month period, caused massive destruction. Their effects were
localized; while some towers were leveled, others nearby sustained only
minor damage. Loss of life and property was enormous. The earthquakes
were the subject of several detailed investigations, including a study
by the first appointed "Earthquake Commission." The Calabrian
earthquakes of 1783 were responsible for a great surge of interest in
the construction of seismic recording instruments in eighteenth-century
Italy. This was the first earthquake to be investigated scientifically.
07 28 1883
The thermal resort of Casamicciola was devastated by this
earthquake. Over 2,000 were killed, over 1,200 houses were destroyed.
09 08 1905
12 28 1908
Estimated 70,000 to 100,000 deaths. Deaths from earthquake
01 13 1915
09 07 1920
Damage in the Lunigiana and Garfagnana Valleys. 650 people
were injured. The quake was felt from the Cote d'Azur, France to Friuli,
throughout Toscana (Tuscany) and into Umbria and Marche. The number of
casualties was reduced because many workers were already out in the
farms when the quake struck and a foreshock the day before had alerted
07 23 1930
02 06 1971
This earthquake occurred near Tuscania, Italy. It left 20
dead, over 100 injured, and about 5,000 homeless. It was reported that
the medieval section of Tuscania, a city of 8,000, located 50 miles
northwest of Rome, was practically leveled, and 60 percent of the city's
buildings destroyed. Among those structures sustaining serious damage
were the 8th century St. Peter's Church and the 12th century Basilica of
St. Mary Major, both recently restored. The heavy damage sustained was
due to the shallow depth of the earthquake and poorly constructed
02 04 1972
A series of hundreds of relatively minor shocks near the
Italian town of Ancona on the Adriatic coast caused wide-spread panic,
some damage, several injuries, and one death. This was the largest of
the shocks. It sent thousands of people fleeing to the countryside.
Police estimated that only about 10,000 people from a population of
100,000 remained in town. Most people found shelter in tents, railway
coaches, and buses on the outskirts as shocks continued for several days.
Terrified prisoners were transferred to jails in other cities. Damage
was reported to 150 buildings with intensities reaching VIII on the
Mercalli scale toppling roofs and cracking walls. A schoolteacher died
of a heart attack and several other people were stricken.
05 06 1976
1,000 reported killed, at least 1,700 injured, and
extensive damage in the epicentral area. The quake was reported felt
throughout Europe. A magnitude 4.6 foreshock preceded the main shock by
about 1 minute and 7 seconds. The main shock was followed by a number of
aftershocks, at least one reaching a magnitude of 5, that caused
additional damage and injuries.
09 15 1980
Aftershocks of the May 6, 1976 earthquake. These
earthquakes occurred within 6 hours of each other. Eleven reported
killed, some injured, and caused extensive damage in the already
stricken area, leaving an additional 20,000 people homeless. The
earthquakes were also felt sharply throughout central Europe.
11 23 1980
Over 3,000 people killed, about 1,900 missing, 7,750
injured, 250,000 homeless and extensive damage in a 25,000 square
kilometer area of Campania and Basilicata.
04 29 1984
Thirty-six people injured and extensive damage (VIII) in
the Assisi-Gubbio-Perugia area. About 7,500 people homeless. Felt
strongly in central Italy.
09 26 1997
As a result of these earthquakes, a total of eleven people
killed, more than 100 injured and about 80,000 homes destroyed or
damaged in the Marche and Umbria regions. Maximum intensity (X) at
Serravalle di Chienti and (IX) at Valtopina. Extensive damage to the
Basilica of St. Francis at Assisi. Felt in many parts of central and
northern Italy from Bologna and Modena to Rome. Felt (IV) in western and
central Slovenia and (III) in southern Karnten Province, Austria.
10 03 1997
About 20 people injured and additional damage (VII) in the
Marche and Umbria regions. Additional damage to the Basilica of St.
Francis at Assisi. Felt at Rome.
10 06 1997
Four people injured and additional damage (VIII) in the
Assisi, Foligno, Gualdo Tadino and Nocera Umbra areas. Felt from Arezzo
to parts of Lazio.
10 14 1997
One person injured and additional damage (VIII) in the
Assisi-Perugia-Foligno area. Slight damage at Rome. Felt as far south as
04 26 1998
One person died of a heart attack at Perugia. Additional
minor damage (VII) to buildings weakened by earthquakes of September 26,
1997 and their aftershocks. Damage occurred at Camerino, Sant Ippolito
and Urbino. Felt from Bologna to Rome. Felt (IV) at Ljubljana, Slovenia
and felt throughout Slovenia. Also felt in parts of Salzburg and Tirol,
04 03 1998
Five people slightly injured and 300 houses damaged or
destroyed in the Gualdo Tadino-Nocera Umbra area. Additional damage to a
castle at Foligno. Felt strongly at Assisi. Felt as far south as Rome.
Also felt (IV) at Koper, Slovenia.
09 09 1998
One person killed by falling rock, another person died
from a heart attack, at least 12 people injured and many buildings
damaged in the Castelluccio Inferiore-Lauria Inferiore area. Felt from
Naples to Reggio di Calabria.
07 17 2001
Two people killed and one person missing and presumed
killed by landslides near Gargazzone and Val D'Ultimo. One person died
of a heart attack at Bolzano. At least 3 people injured and minor damage
in the Merano area. Felt throughout northeastern Italy as far south as
Venice. Also felt in Austria, Slovenia, Switzerland and southern Germany.
09 06 2002
Two people died from heart attacks, twenty injured and
some buildings damaged in the Palermo area. Also felt at Agrigento,
Caltanissetta, Catania, Enna, Messina and Trapani.
U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S.
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